Our Solar System

Note: * means the probe is still functioning

Solar Probes

  • Pioneer 5 (USA, 1960)
  • Pioneer 6 (USA, 1965)
  • Pioneer 7 (USA, 1966)
  • Pioneer 8 (USA, 1967)
  • Pioneer 9 (USA, 1968)
  • Helios 1 (USA/Germany, 1974)
  • Helios 2 (USA/Germany, 1976)
  • Ulysses (ESA [European Space Agency]/USA, 1994-2008)
  • *SOHO (ESA/USA, 1995-??) - solar monitor (still active)
  • Genesis (USA, 2001-2004) - partial success (crash landed upon reentry) - sample return

Mercury Probes

  • Mariner 10 (USA, 1974) - flyby
  • *MESSENGER (USA, 2006) - launched - arrive at Mercury orbit 2011/flew by Mercury January 2008

Venus Probes

  • Mariner 2 (USA, 1962) - flyby
  • Venera 4 (Soviet Union, 1967) - atmospheric probe
  • Mariner 5 (USA, 1967) - flyby
  • Venera 5 (Soviet Union, 1969) - atmospheric probe
  • Venera 6 (Soviet Union, 1969) - atmospheric probe
  • Venera 7 (Soviet Union, 1970) - lander
  • Venera 8 (Soviet Union, 1972) - lander
  • Mariner 10 (USA, 1974) - flyby
  • Venera 9 (Soviet Union, 1975) - orbiter/lander
  • Venera 10 (Soviet Union, 1975) - orbiter/lander
  • Venera 11 (Soviet Union, 1978) - flyby
  • Venera 12 (Soviet Union, 1978) - flyby
  • Pioneer Venus Orbiter (USA, 1978-1992) - orbiter
  • Pioneer Venus Multiprobe (USA, 1978)
    • Large Probe - atmospheric probe
    • North Probe - atmospheric probe
    • Day Probe - atmospheric probe
    • Night Probe - atmospheric probe
  • Venera 13 (Soviet Union, 1982) - flyby/lander
  • Venera 14 (Soviet Union, 1982) - flyby/lander
  • Venera 15 (Soviet Union, 1983-1984) - orbiter
  • Venera 16 (Soviet Union, 1983-1984) - orbiter
  • Vega 1 (Soviet Union, 1985) - flyby
    • (Soviet Union, 1985) - atmospheric balloon
  • Vega 2 (Soviet Union, 1985) - flyby
    • (Soviet Union, 1985) - lander
    • (Soviet Union, 1985) - atmospheric balloon
  • Galileo (USA, 1990) - flyby
  • Magellan (USA, 1990-1994) - orbiter
  • *Cassini (USA, 1998) - flyby
  • *Cassini (USA, 1999) - flyby
  • *Venus Express (ESA, 2006) - orbiter
  • *MESSENGER (USA, 2006) - flyby

Mars Probes

  • Mariner 4 (USA, 1964) - flyby
  • Mariner 6 (USA, 1969) - flyby
  • Mariner 7 (USA, 1969) - flyby
  • Mariner 9 (USA, 1971) - orbiter
  • Mars 6 (Soviet Union, 1973) - flyby
  • Mars 7 (Soviet Union, 1973) - flyby
  • Viking 1 Orbiter (USA, 1976-80) - orbiter
    • Viking 1 Lander (USA, 1976-82) - lander
  • Viking 2 Orbiter (USA, 1976-78) - orbiter
    • Viking 2 Lander (USA, 1976-80) - lander
  • Mars Pathfinder (USA, 1997) - lander
    • Sojourner (USA, 1997) - rover
  • Mars Global Surveyor (USA, 1997-2006) - orbiter
  • *2001 Mars Odyssey (USA, 2001-??) - orbiter
  • *MER-A "Spirit" (USA, 2004-??) - rover
  • *MER-B "Opportunity" (USA, 2004-??) - rover
  • *Mars Express (ESA, 2004-??) - orbiter
  • *Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (USA, 2006-??) - orbiter
  • Phoenix Lander (USA, 2008-??) - lander
  • Rosetta (ESA, 2007) - flyby

Jupiter Probes

  • Pioneer 10 (USA, 1973) - flyby
  • Pioneer 11 (USA, 1974) - flyby
  • *Voyager 1 (USA, 1979) - flyby (left the Solar System)
  • *Voyager 2 (USA, 1979) - flyby (left the Solar System)
  • Ulysses (ESA/USA, 1992) - flyby
  • Galileo Orbiter (USA, 1995-2003) - orbiter
    • Galileo Probe (USA, 1995) - atmospheric probe
    *Cassini (USA, 2000-01) - flyby
  • Ulysses (ESA/USA, 2003-2004) - flyby
  • *New Horizons (USA, 2007) - flyby

Saturn Probes

  • Pioneer 11 (USA, 1979) - flyby
  • *Voyager 1 (USA, 1980) - flyby (left the Solar System)
  • *Voyager 2 (USA, 1981) - flyby (left the Solar System)
  • Cassini (USA, 2004-??) - orbiter

Titan Probe

  • Huygens (ESA, 2005) - atmospheric probe, lander

Uranus Probe

  • *Voyager 2 (USA, 1986) - flyby (left the Solar System)

Neptune Probe

  • *Voyager 2 (USA, 1989) - flyby (left the Solar System)

Pluto Probe

  • *New Horizons (USA, 2006) - launched - arrive at Pluto 2015

Asteroid probes

Ida/Dactyl (moon of Ida)

  • Galileo (USA, 1994) - flyby

Mathilde

  • NEAR Shoemaker (USA, 1997) - flyby

Eros

  • NEAR Shoemaker (USA, 2000-01) - orbiter
  • NEAR Shoemaker (USA, 2001) - improvised lander

Gaspra

  • Galileo (USA, 1991) - flyby

Masursky

  • *Cassini (USA, 2000) - flyby

Anne Frank

  • *Stardust (USA, 2002) - distant flyby

JF56

  • *New Horizons (USA, 2006) - distant flyby

Comet probes

Halley's Comet

  • Giotto (ESA, 1986) - flyby (596 km)
  • Vega 1 (Soviet Union, 1986) - flyby (8,890 km)
  • Vega 2 (Soviet Union, 1986) - flyby (8,030 km)
  • Suisei (Japan, 1986) - flyby (151,000 km)

Comet Tempel

  • *Deep Impact (USA, 2005) - flyby
    • Impactor (USA, 2005) - impactor

Comet Wild 2

  • Stardust (USA, 2004) - flyby, sample return